Leather goods are those articles of clothing, accessories, furniture, tools, show pieces, handbags, luggage, or other items made from leather. Leather products have been in use for thousands of years. Today, it is one of the fastest-growing consumer markets worldwide.
The leather industry is a multi-billion dollar global manufacturing industry that produces not only the raw finished, and processed materials used in leather goods but also continues to manufacture new hides used to create new leather goods. Animal hides are usually obtained from cattle, pigs, or chickens. The hides commonly used in the production of leather goods are the waste products of the meat and dairy industry. Leather is among the most highly traded commodities worldwide, with the value of skins and hides exceeding $5 billion per year. In order to obtain the highest quality leather, the hide is dyed using organic dyes and bleaches so as to preserve its natural color. In addition, the animal skin is often tanned or galvanized to improve color and clarity.
The demand for leather goods has created a huge variety of leather types ranging from soft, too hard and too flexible. Among these leather types are grades A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, and M. Grading determine the quality of leather based on its strength, durability, and consistency giay da ca sau nam. The highest grade of leather is often referred to as full-grain leather and considered the best quality leather for wallets, belts, shoes, bags, jackets, and purses. Some leather goods may also be classified into two broad categories according to the way they are crafted: full-grain and vegetable-tanned leather.
Full-grain leather goods are often characterized by their strength and sturdiness. They may have a hard, coarse grain, or leather fibers that are tightly woven. Vegetable-tanned leather goods, on the other hand, are made using a tanning process that results in a leather that looks and feels like most animals’ skins. However, vegetable-tanned leather goods do not have the same softness and flexibility. They may have a more plastic-like feel. Unlike full-grain leather goods, they do not crack, tear, or shrink.
Full-grain leather goods are not only good for leather goods; they are also good for furniture, purses, belts, hats, bags, shoes, and even dresses! For women’s leather goods, the best quality include those that are made from cowhide, goat, or buffalo hide. Although buffalo and cowhide are the most expensive leathers, they make for some of the most durable, high quality accessories available. Some ladies’ leather goods are also made from lizard skins.
Many types of leather production take place in tanneries. Tanneries are facilities where leather is prepared before it is made into furniture, bags, belts, shoes, purses, belts, and more. Tanneries may employ modern machines, ancient processes, or a mixture of both. Modern tanneries may use chromium hydroxide (CHA) dyes, which is derived from chromium minerals found in fossilized marine shells. The resulting dyed leather has superior elasticity, natural sheen, durability, and color.